Document Detail

Contrast echocardiography of the left ventricle an independent predictor of pulmonary artery pressure?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7876659     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
To test the hypothesis that left heart opacification is dependent on pulmonary artery pressure, we analyzed consecutively 12 patients with normal and 8 patients with abnormal pulmonary artery pressure with a new lung capillary stable echo contrast agent. Patients underwent contrast echocardiographic examination within 6 hours before right and left heart catheterization with 200 mg/ml and 400 mg/ml SHU 508A intravenously. The mean pulmonary artery pressure was 15.4 mmHg in the patients with normal pulmonary artery pressures and 46.4 mmHg in the patients with pulmonary hypertension (p < 0.000). Echocardiograms were video-intensitometrically analyzed for intensity maximum (MAX), half-time of video-intensity decay (T1/2), area under the intensity curve (AUC) in the right and left ventricle and transit time from left to right heart (TT). Patients with normal pulmonary artery pressure showed sufficient left heart opacification, in the left ventricle MAX was 37 +/- 15 IU, AUC measured 653 +/- 463 IUxs and T1/2 was 4.4 +/- 2.6 s, while patients with elevated pulmonary artery pressure showed no significant left heart opacification. In the left ventricle MAX was 8 +/- 10 IU (p = 0.006), AUC measured 66 +/- 108 (p = 0.003) and T1/2 was 2.0 +/- 2.0 s (p = 0.041). TT was significantly increased in patients with elevated pulmonary artery pressure (11.8 +/- 4.6 s versus 6.5 +/- 2.8 s in patients with normal pulmonary artery pressure, p = 0.005). Thus, elevated pulmonary pressure has a significant impact on left heart opacification, which may be used for diagnostic purposes.
R J Zotz; S Genth; R Erbel; H A Dieterich; J Meyer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Clinical Trial, Phase II; Comparative Study; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of cardiac imaging     Volume:  10     ISSN:  0167-9899     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Card Imaging     Publication Date:  1994 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-03-31     Completed Date:  1995-03-31     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8600426     Medline TA:  Int J Card Imaging     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  195-203     Citation Subset:  IM    
II. Med. Clinic, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure / physiology*
Contrast Media* / adverse effects
Echocardiography / methods
Heart Catheterization
Hypertension, Pulmonary / physiopathology,  ultrasonography*
Middle Aged
Polysaccharides / adverse effects,  diagnostic use*
Pulmonary Artery / physiopathology*
Regression Analysis
Video Recording
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Contrast Media; 0/Polysaccharides; 127279-08-7/SHU 508

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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