Document Detail

Contractility of the nonpregnant uterus: the follicular phase.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11594539     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Recent renewed interest in uterine contractility stems from the possibility of directly visualizing uterine contractility on images generated by high-resolution ultrasound probes. During the menstrual cycle, three typical patterns of uterine contractility have been recognized. During the luteofollicular transition and early follicular phase (menses), the contractile event involves all layers of the myometrium and exerts antegrade (from fundus to cervix) expulsive forces. Characteristically, uterine contractions are often perceived by women at the time of menses, sometimes reaching the level of painful cramps (dysmenorrhea). In the late follicular phase, uterine contractility involves only the subendometrial layers of the myometrium and is never perceived by women. The primary function of uterine contractility in the late follicular phase is to facilitate the retrograde (cervix to fundus) transport of sperm towards the distal end of the fallopian tubes where fertilization normally takes place. Finally, the uterus reaches a stage of quiescence after ovulation (under the influence of progesterone) that characterizes the major part of the luteal phase. The present review summarizes our understanding of the physiological role of uterine contractility during the follicular phase and the possible implications in pathological circumstances such as endometriosis and dysmenorrhea.
D de Ziegler; C Bulletti; R Fanchin; M Epiney; P A Brioschi
Related Documents :
9078479 - A simulation model including ovulation rate, potential embryonic viability, and uterine...
18007139 - Abnormal uterine bleeding: getting our terminology straight.
10623429 - Expression and regulation of chemokine genes in the mouse uterus during pregnancy.
16962519 - Volume change of uterine myomas during pregnancy: do myomas really grow?
9645709 - Pregnancy increases soluble and particulate guanylate cyclases and decreases the cleara...
6695289 - Idiopathic uterine rupture in the mid-trimester of pregnancy. a case report.
17676619 - Ductus venosus blood flow resistance and congenital heart defects in the second trimester.
23522339 - Tailoring clinical services to address the unique needs of adolescents from the pregnan...
21691169 - Changes in pregnancy mortality ascertainment: united states, 1999-2005.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences     Volume:  943     ISSN:  0077-8923     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci.     Publication Date:  2001 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-10-11     Completed Date:  2001-10-25     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7506858     Medline TA:  Ann N Y Acad Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  172-84     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hĵpital de Nyon, Switzerland.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Endometriosis / pathology,  physiopathology
Follicular Phase / physiology*
Luteal Phase / physiology
Uterine Contraction / physiology*
Uterus / pathology,  physiopathology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Maternal-embryonic cross-talk.
Next Document:  Assessing uterine receptivity in 2001: ultrasonographic glances at the new millennium.