Document Detail


Contraceptive paths toward the reduction of unintended pregnancy and abortion.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3371469     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Based on data from the 1982 National Survey of Family Growth, exposure to the risk of unintended pregnancy is classified by use of specific contraceptive methods and by nonuse, and average rates of unintended pregnancy are estimated for each type of exposure. Three hypothetical models of improved contraceptive practice are then applied to the data for all women and for age, race and marital-status subgroups. The first two models assume increases in the use of some existing contraceptive methods, but only the second model additionally assumes the introduction of new methods. The third model assumes the complete elimination of nonuse of contraception. These models yield different estimates of the reduction in unintended pregnancy rates which are illustrated for various age-groups, for whites and blacks and for married and unmarried women. Among all women aged 15-44, the changes assumed by Model I imply a 32 percent reduction in unintended pregnancy; Model II implies a 56 percent reduction; and Model III implies a 57 percent reduction. The implied reductions in abortion are in a similar range.
Based on data from the 1982 US National Survey of Family Growth, exposure to the risk of unintended pregnancy is classified by use of specific contraceptive methods and by nonuse, and average rates of unintended pregnancy are estimated for each type of exposure. 3 hypothetical models of improved contraceptive practice are then applied to the data for all women and for age, race and marital-status subgroups. The 1st 2 models assume increases in the use of some existing contraceptive methods, but only the 2nd model additionally assumes the introduction of new methods. The 3rd model assumes the complete elimination of nonuse of contraception. These models yield different estimates of the reduction in unintended pregnancy rates which are illustrated for various age groups, for whites and blacks and for married and unmarried women. Among all women aged 15-44, the changes assumed by Model 1 imply a 32% reduction in unintended pregnancy; Model 2 implies a 56% reduction; and Model 3 implies a 57% reduction. The implied reductions in abortion are in a similar range.
Authors:
C F Westoff
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Family planning perspectives     Volume:  20     ISSN:  0014-7354     ISO Abbreviation:  Fam Plann Perspect     Publication Date:    1988 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-06-28     Completed Date:  1988-06-28     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0241370     Medline TA:  Fam Plann Perspect     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  4-13     Citation Subset:  IM; J    
Affiliation:
Office of Population Research, Princeton University.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Abortion, Induced*
Adolescent
Adult
African Americans
Age Factors
Contraception*
Contraception Behavior
European Continental Ancestry Group
Female
Humans
Marriage
Models, Theoretical
Pregnancy*
Risk Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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