Document Detail

Contraception, reproductive health and pregnancy outcomes among women exposed to intimate partner violence in Nigeria.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21158524     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Objectives To examine the association between reproductive health practices/outcomes and exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) among women in Nigeria. More specifically, the association between IPV and use of contraception; miscarriages,induced abortions, stillbirths, and infant mortality; and having many children, was assessed. Methods Data on studied variables were retrieved from the Demographic and Health Surveys of Nigeria 2008, a nationally representative sample of 33,385 women of reproductive age. IPV was defined as exposure to physical, sexual or emotional abuse. The association between contraception use, pregnancy outcomes and infant mortality, and exposure to IPV was assessed using the chi-square test for unadjusted analyses. To control for potential confounding, socio-demographic variables were adjusted for using multiple logistic regression. Results Compared with women not exposed to IPV, those who were, exhibited a higher likelihood of using modern forms of contraception; having a history of miscarriages, induced abortions, stillbirths, or infant mortality; and having many children. The aforementioned observations still stood after adjustment for potential confounders (e.g., demographic and socioeconomic factors). Conclusion Though causal inference cannot be drawn due to the cross-sectional design, the study has important implications for incorporation of IPV detection and management in initiatives aimed at improving women's reproductive health.
Leah Okenwa; Stephen Lawoko; Bjarne Jansson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-12-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  The European journal of contraception & reproductive health care : the official journal of the European Society of Contraception     Volume:  16     ISSN:  1473-0782     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9712127     Medline TA:  Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  18-25     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Social Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
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