Document Detail


Continuous objective recording of fetal heart rate and fetal movements could reliably identify fetal compromise, which could reduce stillbirth rates by facilitating timely management.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25109874     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Stillbirth currently affects approximately 1 in every 200 pregnancies in the United Kingdom. Fetuses may exhibit signs of compromise as part of a stress response before stillbirth, including reduced fetal movements (RFM) and fetal heart rate (FHR) alterations. At present, and despite widespread use, current fetal monitoring is not associated with a reduction in perinatal mortality rate (PMR) as signs of fetal compromise are not adequately detected. This may be attributed to inaccuracies resulting from manual interpretation of results or subjective assessment of fetal activity. In addition, signs of compromise often occur only hours or days before fetal death, so may be missed by current monitoring methods, which are performed intermittently. A significant consideration is that correct identification of these signs and consequent intervention can result in the delivery of a healthy baby, thus preventing stillbirth. A hypothesis is presented, proposing prompt detection of fetal compromise with the use of 24-hour continuous objective fetal monitoring. With focus placed on obtaining long-term FHR and fetal movement data, prior interest has been found in developing devices for this purpose. However, introduction into clinical practice has not been achieved. Investigation of the hypothesis will begin with the design of a device to record the mentioned parameters, followed by an appropriate validation process. Should development and testing be successful, an eventual comparison in PMR with the use of continuous fetal monitoring vs current monitoring would address the hypothesis. It is suggested that a timely yet reliable indication of fetal wellbeing obtained via long-term monitoring would allow prompt and appropriate obstetric intervention and consequently reduce PMR.
Authors:
Rebecca Brown; Jayawan H B Wijekoon; Anura Fernando; Edward D Johnstone; Alexander E P Heazell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-7-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medical hypotheses     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-2777     ISO Abbreviation:  Med. Hypotheses     Publication Date:  2014 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-8-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505668     Medline TA:  Med Hypotheses     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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