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Continuous non-invasive cardiac output measurements in the neonate by electrical velocimetry: a comparison with echocardiography.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22294471     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
ObjectiveElectrical velocimetry (EV) is a non-invasive method of continuous left cardiac output monitoring based on measurement of thoracic electrical bioimpedance. The objective was to validate EV by investigating the agreement in cardiac output measurements performed by EV and echocardiography.DesignIn this prospective observational study, left ventricular output (LVO) was simultaneously measured by EV (LVO(ev)) using Aesculon and by echocardiography (LVO(echo)) in healthy term neonates during the first 2 postnatal days. To determine the agreement between the two methods, we calculated the bias (mean difference) and precision (1.96×SD of the difference). As LVO(echo) has its own limitations, the authors also calculated the 'true precision' of EV adjusted for echocardiography as the reference method.ResultsThe authors performed 115 paired measurements in 20 neonates. LVO(ev) and LVO(echo) were similar (534±105 vs 538±105 ml/min, p=0.7). The bias and precision of EV were -4 and 234 ml/min, respectively. The authors found the true precision of EV to be similar to the precision of echocardiography (31.6% vs 30%, respectively). There was no difference in bias and precision between the measurements obtained in patients with or without a haemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus.ConclusionsEV is as accurate in measuring LVO as echocardiography and the variation in the agreement between EV and echocardiography among the individual subjects reflects the limitations of both techniques.
Authors:
Shahab Noori; Benazir Drabu; Sadaf Soleymani; Istvan Seri
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-31
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1468-2052     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-2-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9501297     Medline TA:  Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
1Division of Neonatology and the Center for Fetal and Neonatal Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital Los Angeles and the LAC+USC Medical Center, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
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