Document Detail


Continuous infusion versus bolus administration of steroids in severe attacks of ulcerative colitis: a randomized, double-blind trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17156148     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: In patients with severe attacks of ulcerative colitis (UC), IV steroids represent the first-line treatment, leading to clinical improvement in approximately 50-60% of patients. AIM: The aim of this study was to prospectively compare the efficacy and safety of different modalities of steroid administration, and to evaluate predictors of failure to therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a single-center, double-blind trial, consecutive patients with a severe attack of UC received 1 mg/kg/day of 6-methyl-prednisolone administered randomly by either a bolus injection (group A) or continuous infusion (group B). RESULTS: Sixty-six patients were enrolled (35 men, mean age 38 +/- 15, range 18-75 yr), 15 of them at their first attack of UC; in the remaining cases, the mean duration of disease was 4.5 +/- 5 yr. At inclusion, forty patients (60%) had pancolitis and the remainder had left-sided colitis. Overall, thirty-three patients (50%) underwent clinical remission after 7 days of treatment: 16 of 32 in group A and 17 of 34 in group B. Thirty-one patients eventually underwent total colectomy (12 in group A and 9 in group B), which was carried out by the first month in 10 patients (5 in each group). Twenty-eight patients (15 in group A and 13 in group B) experienced steroid-related adverse reactions. All differences between groups were not statistically significant. Previous use of steroids (OR 13.6, CI 2-86) and active smoking (OR 11.6, CI 1.4-107) were independent predictors of nonresponse. CONCLUSIONS: In severe attacks of UC, methyl-prednisolone given as a continuous infusion was no better than bolus administration in terms of efficacy and safety.
Authors:
Fabrizio Bossa; Serafina Fiorella; Nazario Caruso; Laura Accadia; Grazia Napolitano; Maria Rosa Valvano; Angelo Andriulli; Vito Annese
Related Documents :
23500308 - Incidence, predictors and outcomes of aortic regurgitation after transcatheter aortic v...
11081608 - Role of topical steroids in reducing dysfunction after nerve injury.
10966948 - Early treatment with cyclosporin in serpiginous choroidopathy maintains remission and g...
24183688 - Preoperative cow-side lactatemia measurement predicts negative outcome in holstein dair...
9059248 - Glare sensitivity and visual acuity after excimer laser photorefractive keratectomy for...
8546998 - Patient-reported morbidity following flashlamp-pumped pulsed tunable dye laser treatmen...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of gastroenterology     Volume:  102     ISSN:  0002-9270     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Gastroenterol.     Publication Date:  2007 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-03-05     Completed Date:  2007-04-26     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0421030     Medline TA:  Am J Gastroenterol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  601-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
U.O. Gastroenterologia, Ospedale I.R.C.C.S. Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza, S. Giovanni Rotondo, Italy.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Colitis, Ulcerative / drug therapy*,  pathology
Colonoscopy
Double-Blind Method
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Glucocorticoids / administration & dosage*,  therapeutic use
Humans
Infusions, Intravenous
Injections, Intravenous
Male
Middle Aged
Recurrence
Retrospective Studies
Severity of Illness Index
Treatment Outcome
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Glucocorticoids

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Fibrogenesis in Crohn's disease.
Next Document:  Computer-assisted colonoscopy (the NeoGuide Endoscopy System): results of the first human clinical t...