Document Detail


Continuous extrapleural paravertebral infusion of bupivacaine for post-thoracotomy analgesia in young infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8679355     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We have studied the efficacy of a continuous paravertebral infusion of bupivacaine for the management of post-thoracotomy pain in 20 infants with a median age of 5.3 weeks (range 2 days to 20 weeks). Immediately before chest closure, 0.25% bupivacaine 1.25 mg kg-1 was injected into an extrapleural paravertebral catheter, inserted under direct vision. A continuous infusion of 0.25% bupivacaine 0.5 mg kg-1 h-1 was commenced 1 h later and terminated after 24 h. We found that extrapleural paravertebral catheter placement under direct vision was easy in neonates and infants. The technique provided effective postoperative pain relief in 18 (90%) patients and the failure in two (10%) infants was attributed to catheter block. Mean maximum serum concentrations of bupivacaine after the loading dose and during infusion were 1.03 (SD 0.56) and 2.00 (0.63) microgram ml-1, respectively. There were no major complications relating to the technique and we conclude that extrapleural paravertebral block is a simple and effective method for post-thoracotomy analgesia in young infants.
Authors:
M K Karmakar; P D Booker; R Franks; M Pozzi
Related Documents :
3415895 - The morphine hydrogel suppository. a new sustained release rectal preparation.
7488475 - Interaction of extradural morphine and lignocaine on ventilatory response.
17611365 - Sacrocaudal agenesis in a korean native calf (bos taurus coreanae).
4061015 - A safe alternative to awake intubation in neonates.
6784525 - The cardiothoracic ratio in newborn infants.
22726245 - A simple method of less than 100% oxygen resuscitation for preterm infants.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  British journal of anaesthesia     Volume:  76     ISSN:  0007-0912     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Anaesth     Publication Date:  1996 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-08-21     Completed Date:  1996-08-21     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372541     Medline TA:  Br J Anaesth     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  811-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Royal Liverpool Children's NHS Trust, Liverpool.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Anesthesia, Spinal / methods*
Anesthetics, Local / administration & dosage*
Bupivacaine / administration & dosage*
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Pain, Postoperative / prevention & control*
Thoracotomy*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anesthetics, Local; 2180-92-9/Bupivacaine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects of lignocaine-prilocaine (EMLA) cream in human burn injury.
Next Document:  Surgical pain is followed not only by spinal sensitization but also by supraspinal antinociception.