Document Detail

Continuous epidural analgesia in newborn infants undergoing major surgery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8483068     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Providing safe, effective analgesia for newborn infants undergoing major surgery remains a challenge to pediatric anesthetists and surgeons. Continuous epidural analgesia (CEA) has been shown to provide safe and effective analgesia in infants and children; however, there is little reported use in neonates. We review our experience of CEA in 14 newborn infants (32 to 40 weeks gestation) aged 4 hours to 35 days undergoing major surgery, as well as a further 6 ex-preterm (25 to 29 weeks gestation) infants aged 2 to 5 months at time of surgery. In all cases effective analgesia was achieved for up to 69 hours without complication. All infants were awake and extubated uneventfully at the completion of surgery, which lasted 5 hours in one case. None of the infants developed respiratory depression or prolonged apnea. The technique has been widely accepted by surgeons, neonatal nursing staff, and neonatologists.
D Murrell; P R Gibson; R C Cohen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of pediatric surgery     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0022-3468     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Pediatr. Surg.     Publication Date:  1993 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-06-03     Completed Date:  1993-06-03     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0052631     Medline TA:  J Pediatr Surg     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  548-52; discussion 552-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Anaesthesia, Westmead Hospital, NSW, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Analgesia, Epidural* / adverse effects
Infant, Newborn
Intraoperative Care
Pain Measurement
Postoperative Care
Surgical Procedures, Operative*
Reg. No./Substance:
2180-92-9/Bupivacaine; 437-38-7/Fentanyl

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