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Continuous biohydrogen production from fruit wastewater at low pH conditions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23053418     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Biohydrogen production from a simulated fruit wastewater (soluble COD = 3.17 ± 0.10 g L(-1)) was carried out in a continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR) of 2 L operational volume without biomass inoculation, heat pre-treatment or pH adjustment, resulting in a low operational pH (3.75 ± 0.09). The hydraulic retention time (HRT) varied from 15 to 5 h. A strong negative correlation (p < 0.01) between the biogas production rate and the HRT was observed. Biogas production rates were higher at 30 °C than at 25 °C (p < 0.01), when the CSTR was operated under the same HRT. The biogas hydrogen content was estimated as high as 55.8 ± 2.3 % and 55.4 ± 2.5 % at 25 and 30 °C, respectively. The main fermentation end products were acetic and butyric acids, followed by ethanol. Significant differences (p < 0.01) during the operation of the CSTR at 25 or 30 °C were identified for butyric acid at almost all HRTs examined. Simulation of the acidogenesis process in the CSTR (based on COD and carbon balances) indicated the possible metabolic compounds produced at 25 and 30 °C reactions and provided an adequate fit of the experimental data.
Authors:
Vasileios Diamantis; Abid Khan; Spyridon Ntougias; Katerina Stamatelatou; Anastasios G Kapagiannidis; Alexander Aivasidis
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-2
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bioprocess and biosystems engineering     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1615-7605     ISO Abbreviation:  Bioprocess Biosyst Eng     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101088505     Medline TA:  Bioprocess Biosyst Eng     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Laboratory for Wastewater Management and Treatment Technologies, Department of Environmental Engineering, Democritus University of Thrace, Vas. Sofias 12, 67100, Xanthi, Greece, bdiamant@env.duth.gr.
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