Document Detail


Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy for Children ≤10 kg: A Report from the Prospective Pediatric Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy Registry.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23102589     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To report circuit characteristics and survival analysis in children weighing ≤10 kg enrolled in the Prospective Pediatric Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy (ppCRRT) Registry. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted prospective cohort analysis of the ppCRRT Registry to: (1) evaluate survival differences in children ≤10 kg compared with other children; (2) determine demographic and clinical differences between surviving and non-surviving children ≤10 kg; and (3) describe continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) circuit characteristics differences in children ≤5 kg versus 5-10 kg. RESULTS: The ppCRRT enrolled 84 children ≤10 kg between January 2001 and August 2005 from 13 US tertiary centers. Children ≤10 kg had lower survival rates than children >10 kg (36/84 [43%] versus 166/260 [64%]; P < .001). In children ≤10 kg, survivors were more likely to have fewer days in intensive care unit prior to CRRT, lower Pediatric Risk of Mortality 2 scores at intensive care unit admission and lower mean airway pressure (P(aw)), higher urine output, and lower percent fluid overload (FO) at CRRT initiation. Adjusted regression analysis revealed that Pediatric Risk of Mortality 2 scores, FO, and decreased urine output were associated with mortality. Compared with circuits from children 5-10 kg at CRRT initiation, circuits from children ≤5 kg more commonly used blood priming for initiation, heparin anticoagulation, and higher blood flows/effluent flows for body weight. CONCLUSION: Mortality is more common in children who are ≤10 kg at the time of CRRT initiation. Like other CRRT populations, urine output and FO at CRRT initiation are independently associated with mortality. CRRT prescription differs in small children.
Authors:
David J Askenazi; Stuart L Goldstein; Rajesh Koralkar; James Fortenberry; Michelle Baum; Richard Hackbarth; Doug Blowey; Timothy E Bunchman; Patrick D Brophy; Jordan Symons; Annabelle Chua; Francisco Flores; Michael J G Somers
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of pediatrics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1097-6833     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Pediatr.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375410     Medline TA:  J Pediatr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
University of Alabama at Birmingham, Children's of Alabama, Birmingham, AL. Electronic address: daskenazi@peds.uab.edu.
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