Document Detail


Contextual information and temporal terms.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2808577     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We report an experiment designed to identify how contextual information can influence children's performance on an experimental task involving temporal terms. Crain (1982) reported improved performance on a comprehension task when subjects were provided with contextual information, and he suggested that the improvement was due to satisfaction of presuppositions. However, this contextual information might have served to simplify task demands by providing prior information concerning an important aspect of the task. The present study distinguishes these factors by incorporating contextual information into the subordinate clause of the test sentences in a comprehension experiment (to satisfy presupposions) or into the main clause (to provide comparable prior information without satisfying presuppositions). We conclude that contextual information results in a significant improvement only when such information can be used to satisfy presuppositions.
Authors:
P Gorrell; S Crain; J D Fodor
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of child language     Volume:  16     ISSN:  0305-0009     ISO Abbreviation:  J Child Lang     Publication Date:  1989 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-12-11     Completed Date:  1989-12-11     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0425743     Medline TA:  J Child Lang     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  623-32     Citation Subset:  C    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Child Language*
Child, Preschool
Cues
Humans
Language Development*
Linguistics
Random Allocation
Research Design
Semantics

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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