Document Detail

Contextual information and temporal terms.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2808577     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We report an experiment designed to identify how contextual information can influence children's performance on an experimental task involving temporal terms. Crain (1982) reported improved performance on a comprehension task when subjects were provided with contextual information, and he suggested that the improvement was due to satisfaction of presuppositions. However, this contextual information might have served to simplify task demands by providing prior information concerning an important aspect of the task. The present study distinguishes these factors by incorporating contextual information into the subordinate clause of the test sentences in a comprehension experiment (to satisfy presupposions) or into the main clause (to provide comparable prior information without satisfying presuppositions). We conclude that contextual information results in a significant improvement only when such information can be used to satisfy presuppositions.
P Gorrell; S Crain; J D Fodor
Related Documents :
4084767 - Semantic categorization and event-related potentials.
22664707 - Associations between task, training and social environmental factors and error types in...
17624417 - Syntax as a reflex: neurophysiological evidence for early automaticity of grammatical p...
20053347 - Neural correlates of generating visual nouns and motor verbs in a minimal phrase context.
12890787 - Long memory in song learning by zebra finches.
9236017 - Absence of odour learning in the stemborer parasitoid cotesia flavipes
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of child language     Volume:  16     ISSN:  0305-0009     ISO Abbreviation:  J Child Lang     Publication Date:  1989 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-12-11     Completed Date:  1989-12-11     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0425743     Medline TA:  J Child Lang     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  623-32     Citation Subset:  C    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Child Language*
Child, Preschool
Language Development*
Random Allocation
Research Design

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Control and coreference in early child language.
Next Document:  The development of mental terms: pragmatics or semantics?