Document Detail

Contextual effects of built and social environments of urban neighborhoods on exercise: a multilevel study in Chicago.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19288846     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: Examine the contextual effects of neighborhood built and social environments on exercise. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, multilevel study. SETTING: City of Chicago. SUBJECTS: A probability sample of Chicago adult residents (response rate = 55%). MEASURES: The exercise measures were based on two questions: "How often a week on average do you work out or exercise?" (N = 3530) and, "Did you exercise regularly in the last year?" (N = 907). Neighborhood social environment was measured by socioeconomic and social capital indicators. Neighborhood built environment was captured by pedestrian injury rate, residential density, distance to subway or parks, land use mix, and access to neighborhood amenities. ANALYSIS: Random effects logit and multinomial models. RESULTS: For weekly workout/exercise, individuals with access to restaurants and bars were more likely to report one to three times of weekly exercise (OR = 1.08; 95% CI: 0.99, 1.19) and four times or more weekly exercise (OR = 1.14; 95% CI: 1.03, 1.26) compared with those who reported no weekly exercise. For regular exercise in the past year, access to restaurants and bars (OR = 1.24; 95% CI: 1.05, 1.46) and neighborhood social environment (OR = 1.37; 95% CI: 1.11, 1.69) were significant. The social environment effects were stronger for women. CONCLUSIONS: Neighborhood social and built environments are both important for exercise independent of an individual's background.
Ming Wen; Xingyou Zhang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of health promotion : AJHP     Volume:  23     ISSN:  0890-1171     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Health Promot     Publication Date:    2009 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-03-17     Completed Date:  2009-04-07     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8701680     Medline TA:  Am J Health Promot     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  247-54     Citation Subset:  T    
Department of Sociology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Cross-Sectional Studies
Middle Aged
Residence Characteristics / statistics & numerical data*
Sex Factors
Socioeconomic Factors
Urban Population / statistics & numerical data*
Young Adult
Grant Support

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