Document Detail


Content and style of speech from mothers with schizophrenia towards their infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18329722     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Schizophrenia can affect verbal communication and relational processes, but how it might disrupt maternal infant-directed (ID) speech is unknown. Maternal speech characteristics were coded, blind to clinical information, from brief videotaped mother-infant interactions of 14 mothers with schizophrenia and 36 mothers with similar hospitalisation but with other clinical diagnoses. Compared with the non-schizophrenia group, the speech of mothers with schizophrenia was less infant-focused. Infant-focused content was also predicted by maternal age, but not by duration of hospitalisation or infant gender. Mothers with schizophrenia also used significantly fewer songs or rhymes than the comparison group, and showed a trend towards fewer negative comments. Speech prosody/content deviations were rarely observed in either group, and no differences were found in speech rate or structure. The marked lack of ID speech content of mothers with schizophrenia reflects low maternal sensitivity, perhaps due to 'theory of mind' impairment and blunted affect, and may contribute to the early developmental vulnerability of their children.
Authors:
Ming Wai Wan; Victoria Penketh; Margaret P Salmon; Kathryn M Abel
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article     Date:  2008-03-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychiatry research     Volume:  159     ISSN:  0165-1781     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychiatry Res     Publication Date:  2008 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-05-05     Completed Date:  2008-07-25     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7911385     Medline TA:  Psychiatry Res     Country:  Ireland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  109-14     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Centre for Women's Mental Health Research, Division of Psychiatry, Williamson Building, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester, M13 9PL, United Kingdom. m.w.wan@manchester.ac.uk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Child Development
Emotions
Facial Expression
Female
Hospitalization
Humans
Infant
International Classification of Diseases / statistics & numerical data
Maternal Age
Maternal Behavior / psychology*
Mental Disorders / diagnosis,  psychology
Mother-Child Relations*
Mothers / psychology,  statistics & numerical data
Music
Psycholinguistics*
Recognition (Psychology)
Schizophrenia / diagnosis
Schizophrenic Psychology*
Speech*
Verbal Behavior*
Videotape Recording

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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