Document Detail

Contemporary overview and clinical perspectives of chronic total occlusions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24866424     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Chronic total occlusions (CTOs) are often detected on diagnostic coronary angiograms, but percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for CTO is currently infrequently performed owing to high technical difficulty, perceived risk of complications, and a lack of randomized data. However, successful CTO-PCI can significantly increase a patient's quality of life, improve left ventricular function, reduce the need for subsequent CABG surgery, and possibly improve long-term survival. A number of factors must be taken into account for the selection of patients for CTO-PCI, including the extent of ischaemia surrounding the occlusion, the level of myocardial viability, coronary location of the CTO, and probability of procedural success. Moreover, in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, a CTO in a noninfarct-related artery might lead to an increase in infarct area, increased end-diastolic left ventricular pressure, and decreased left ventricular function, which are all associated with poor clinical outcomes. In this Review, we provide an overview of the anatomy and histopathology of CTOs, perceived benefits of CTO-PCI, considerations for patient selection for this procedure, and a summary of emerging techniques for CTO-PCI.
Loes P Hoebers; Bimmer E Claessen; George D Dangas; Truls Råmunddal; Roxana Mehran; José P S Henriques
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-5-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nature reviews. Cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1759-5010     ISO Abbreviation:  Nat Rev Cardiol     Publication Date:  2014 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-5-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101500075     Medline TA:  Nat Rev Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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