Document Detail


Contamination issues in a continuous ethanol production corn wet milling facility.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23266886     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Low ethanol yields and poor yeast viability were investigated at a continuous ethanol production corn wet milling facility. Using starch slurries and recycle streams from a commercial ethanol facility, laboratory hydrolysates were prepared by reproducing starch liquefaction and saccharification steps in the laboratory. Fermentations with hydrolysates prepared in the laboratory were compared with plant hydrolysates for final ethanol concentrations and total yeast counts. Fermentation controls were prepared using hydrolysates (plant and laboratory) that were not inoculated with yeast. Hydrolysates prepared in the laboratory resulted in higher final ethanol concentrations (15.8 % v/v) than plant hydrolysate (13.4 % v/v). Uninoculated controls resulted in ethanol production from both laboratory (12.2 % v/v) and plant hydrolysates (13.7 % v/v), indicating the presence of a contaminating microorganism. Yeast colony counts on cycloheximide and virginiamycin plates confirmed the presence of a contaminant. DNA sequencing and fingerprinting studies also indicated a number of dissimilar communities in samples obtained from fermentors, coolers, saccharification tanks, and thin stillage.
Authors:
Esha Khullar; Angela D Kent; Timothy D Leathers; Kenneth M Bischoff; Kent D Rausch; M E Tumbleson; Vijay Singh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  World journal of microbiology & biotechnology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-0972     ISO Abbreviation:  World J. Microbiol. Biotechnol.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9012472     Medline TA:  World J Microbiol Biotechnol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Agricultural and Biological Engineering, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, 61801, USA.
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