Document Detail

Contact dermatitis associated with food: retrospective cross-sectional analysis of North American Contact Dermatitis Group data, 2001-2004.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18845115     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Allergic and irritant contact dermatitis to food is likely underreported.
OBJECTIVES: To characterize relevant allergens and irritants associated with food in patients referred to the North American Contact Dermatitis Group (NACDG) for patch testing.
METHODS: Retrospective analysis of cross-sectional data from the NACDG from 2001 to 2004.
RESULTS: Of 10,061 patch-tested patients, 109 (1.1%) had a total of 122 reactions associated with food. Approximately two-thirds of patients (66%) were female, and one-third (36%) were atopic. The hands were the most common sites of dermatitis (36.7%). There were 78 currently relevant (definite, probable, or possible) allergic reactions to NACDG standard series allergens with a food source; the most common allergen was nickel (48.7%), followed by Myroxilon pereirae (balsam of Peru) (20.6%) and propylene glycol (6.4%). Twenty allergic reactions to non-NACDG standard allergens and 24 relevant food irritants were also identified. Overall, 21% (25 of 122) of all reactions (irritant and allergic) were occupation related; the majority of these (17 of 25) were relevant irritant reactions. Cooks were the most commonly affected occupational group (40%).
CONCLUSIONS: In this limited data set, nickel, Myroxilon pereirae, and propylene glycol were the most common allergens identified with a food source. Of food-related occupational disease, irritation was more common than allergy.
Erin M Warshaw; Nina C Botto; Kathryn A Zug; Donald V Belsito; Howard I Maibach; Denis Sasseville; Joseph F Fowler; Frances J Storrs; James S Taylor; Vincent A DeLeo; James G Marks; C G Toby Mathias; Melanie D Pratt; Robert L Rietschel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Dermatitis : contact, atopic, occupational, drug     Volume:  19     ISSN:  1710-3568     ISO Abbreviation:  Dermatitis     Publication Date:    2008 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-10-10     Completed Date:  2009-01-06     Revised Date:  2013-08-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101207335     Medline TA:  Dermatitis     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  252-60     Citation Subset:  IM    
Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Dermatitis, Allergic Contact / diagnosis,  etiology*
Dermatitis, Irritant / diagnosis,  etiology*
Dermatitis, Occupational / diagnosis,  etiology*
Food / adverse effects*
Food Analysis
Food Handling*
Middle Aged
Patch Tests
Young Adult
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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