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Contact Force Monitoring for Cardiac Mapping in Patients with Ventricular Tachycardia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23373693     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Although the importance of contact force monitoring during mapping and ablation procedures is widely recognized, only indirect measurements have been validated. METHODS: Real-time force values were measured using the force-sensing catheter and electroanatomical mapping system from 27 chambers (13 LVs, 6 RVs, and 8 epicardial space) in 17 patients affected by ventricular tachycardia. Left ventricular mapping was performed by the transaortic approach in all patients and in 5 patients also by a transseptal approach with the aid of a deflectable sheath. All points were divided into 2 groups according to the presence of positive contact force during diastole: good and poor contact. The frequency of good contact and its impact on electrophysiological parameters such as signal amplitude, local impedance, and frequency of late potentials was evaluated. The best cut-off value to discriminate the 2 groups was calculated by a generalized linear mixed-effects model. RESULTS: Among all 5,926 points, 1,566 (26%) points were taken with poor contact. In healthy tissue, categorical increase of contact force caused the increase of unipolar and bipolar signal potential amplitude followed by plateau. The frequency of late potentials in the poor contact group was significantly lower when compared to the good contact group (11.9 vs 23.2%; P < 0.0001). The best cut-off force value to predict good contact during left ventricular endocardial and epicardial mappings was 9 g. CONCLUSIONS: A combined transaortic and transseptal approach allows better endocardial contact during left ventricular mapping. Ventricular mapping with sufficient contact force produces better substrate characterization within pathological areas.
Authors:
Hiroya Mizuno; Pasquale Vergara; Giuseppe Maccabelli; Nicola Trevisi; Sebastiano Colombo Eng; Chiara Brombin; Patrizio Mazzone; Paolo Della Bella
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cardiovascular electrophysiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1540-8167     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-2-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9010756     Medline TA:  J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Affiliation:
Arrhythmia Unit and Electrophysiology Laboratories, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milano, Italy; Department of Advanced Cardiovascular Therapeutics, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.
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