Document Detail


Consumption of food groups and the risk of pancreatic cancer: a case-control study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20101477     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to investigate whether the consumption of specific food groups predicts the risk of pancreatic cancer, a case-control study of nutrition and pancreatic cancer among French-Canadians was carried out in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
METHODS: A total of 179 pancreatic cancer cases (97 males and 82 females) and 239 population-based control subjects were interviewed. Dietary intake was evaluated via a validated food frequency questionnaire that gathers information on over 200 different food items and beverages. Odd ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were computed by unconditional logistic regression.
RESULTS: After adjustment for age, smoking, diabetes status, proxy interview, gender and total energy intake, a reduced risk of pancreatic cancer was related to vegetables and vegetable products [OR = 0.47; 95%CI: (0.21-1.06) p-trend = 0.024], while an increased risk was associated with the consumption of lamb, veal and game [OR = 2.24; 95%CI: (1.11-4.52) p-trend = 0.026], when the upper and lower quartiles of intake were compared. Changes in dietary intake over the last decade revealed an elevated risk with augmented consumption of soups, sauces and gravies [OR = 2.32; 95%CI: (1.20-4.49) p-trend=0.03], beef products [OR = 2.07; 95%CI: (0.95-4.51) p-trend=0.05] as well as fish and shellfish [OR = 1.48; 95%CI: (0.78-2.80) p-trend=0.05].
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that a diet rich in vegetables and vegetable products may decrease the risk of pancreatic cancer.
Authors:
Parviz Ghadirian; André Nkondjock
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of gastrointestinal cancer     Volume:  41     ISSN:  1941-6636     ISO Abbreviation:  J Gastrointest Cancer     Publication Date:  2010 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-05-21     Completed Date:  2010-10-04     Revised Date:  2012-09-07    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101479627     Medline TA:  J Gastrointest Cancer     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  121-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Epidemiology Research Unit, Research Centre, Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CRCHUM)-Hôtel-Dieu, Faculty of Medicine, Université de Montréal, 3850 St. Urbain St., Montreal, H2W 1T7, QC, Canada. parviz.ghadirian@umontreal.ca
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Case-Control Studies
Diet / statistics & numerical data*
Female
Food Habits*
Humans
Logistic Models
Male
Meat / statistics & numerical data
Middle Aged
Pancreatic Neoplasms / epidemiology*,  prevention & control*
Quebec / epidemiology
Questionnaires
Risk Factors
Vegetables

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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