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Consumer attitudes, knowledge, and behavior related to salt consumption in sentinel countries of the Americas.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23299287     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To describe individual attitudes, knowledge, and behavior regarding salt intake, its dietary sources, and current food-labeling practices related to salt and sodium in five sentinel countries of the Americas.
METHODS: A convenience sample of 1 992 adults (≥ 18 years old) from Argentina, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, and Ecuador (approximately 400 from each country) was obtained between September 2010 and February 2011. Data collection was conducted in shopping malls or major commercial areas using a questionnaire containing 33 questions. Descriptive estimates are presented for the total sample and stratified by country and sociodemographic characteristics of the studied population.
RESULTS: Almost 90% of participants associated excess intake of salt with the occurrence of adverse health conditions, more than 60% indicated they were trying to reduce their current intake of salt, and more than 30% believed reducing dietary salt to be of high importance. Only 26% of participants claimed to know the existence of a recommended maximum value of salt or sodium intake and 47% of them stated they knew the content of salt in food items. More than 80% of participants said that they would like food labeling to indicate high, medium, and low levels of salt or sodium and would like to see a clear warning label on packages of foods high in salt.
CONCLUSIONS: Additional effort is required to increase consumers' knowledge about the existence of a maximum limit for intake and to improve their capacity to accurately monitor and reduce their personal salt consumption.
Authors:
Rafael Moreira Claro; Hubert Linders; Camila Zancheta Ricardo; Branka Legetic; Norm R C Campbell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Revista panamericana de salud pública = Pan American journal of public health     Volume:  32     ISSN:  1680-5348     ISO Abbreviation:  Rev. Panam. Salud Publica     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-09     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9705400     Medline TA:  Rev Panam Salud Publica     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  265-73     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil, rclaro@usp.br.
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