Document Detail

Consumer acceptability of low-sugar watermelon sweetened with non-calorie sweetener by a Native American community.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17135026     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Watermelons are a good source of lycopene, a carotenoid that exhibits antioxidant activity and may protect against some cancers. However, intake of watermelon may be restricted for individuals who have diabetes or those who limit carbohydrate intake. A low-sugar watermelon was developed at Lane, Oklahoma using traditional plant breeding techniques. The objective of this study was to determine whether the artificially sweetened low-sugar watermelon was acceptable with Native Americans, a group with a high incidence of diabetes. The red flesh from a low-sugar watermelon and a commercial variety of watermelon was removed and cut into cubes. Low and high levels of artificial sweetener were added to the low-sugar watermelon. Students at a Native American school (Grades 1-12) and adults at a Native American Feeding Center were asked to rate how much they liked or disliked the watermelon using a seven-point hedonic scale. Sugar composition, pH, lycopene and other carotenoids were analyzed from samples using established methods. The pH, lycopene, beta-carotene and total carotenoid levels were similar among fruit. Artificially sweetened fruit were rated slightly more acceptable in taste than the commercial control watermelons by both age groups. The low-sugar watermelons were lower in sugar composition but were comparable with conventional melons in all other quality factors and were found acceptable in taste by a broad age group of Native American consumers.
Julie K Collins; Angela R Davis; Arin Adams; Niels Manness; Penelope M Perkins-Veazie
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of food sciences and nutrition     Volume:  57     ISSN:  0963-7486     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Food Sci Nutr     Publication Date:    2006 Aug-Sep
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-11-30     Completed Date:  2007-06-29     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9432922     Medline TA:  Int J Food Sci Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  363-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
USDA-ARS, South Central Agricultural Research Laboratory, Lane, Oklahoma, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Caloric Restriction
Carotenoids / analysis
Citrullus* / chemistry
Consumer Satisfaction*
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / diet therapy,  epidemiology,  psychology
Dietary Carbohydrates / analysis
Indians, North American / psychology*
Middle Aged
Sucrose / administration & dosage,  analogs & derivatives
Sweetening Agents / administration & dosage*
Taste / physiology
United States / epidemiology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Carbohydrates; 0/Sweetening Agents; 36-88-4/Carotenoids; 56038-13-2/trichlorosucrose; 57-50-1/Sucrose

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