Document Detail


Construction and evaluation of food-grade vectors for Lactococcus lactis using aspartate aminotransferase and alpha-galactosidase as selectable markers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16834603     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIMS: We report development of two food-grade cloning vectors for Lactococcus lactis, which utilize either a lactococcal aspartate aminotransferase gene (aspC), or Bifidobacterium longumalpha-galactosidase gene (aglL) as selectable markers. METHODS AND RESULTS: The theta-replicon of lactococcal plasmid, pW563, was combined with aspC and a multiple cloning site. When electroporated into L. lactis JLS400 (AspC-), the resulting vector, pSUW611 (3.9 kbp), restores ability of the mutant to grow in milk thus allowing for selection of the transformants. The vector is stable during 100 generations of nonselective growth (0.2% loss per generation). The second vector, pSUW711 (5.1 kbp), was constructed by exchanging aspC with aglL under the control of usp45 promoter. Lactococcus lactis transformed with pSUW711 produced distinctive colonies within 48-72 h on melibiose-containing plates. Expression of two Lactobacillus helveticus peptidases was attempted using these new vehicles. Introduction of pepN on pSUW611 and pSUW711 into L. lactis led to a sixfold, or 27-fold increase in aminopeptidase activity, respectively. However, no changes in endopeptidase activity were recorded upon transformation with pSUW611 carrying pepO2 under control of three different promoters. Attempts were also made to construct high copy variants of pSUW711. CONCLUSIONS: The aspC and aglL can be employed as food-grade genetic markers for L. lactis. The vectors, pSUW611 and pSUW711, were successfully used to express Lact. helveticus PepN in L. lactis. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: Two novel food-grade vectors were developed which provide simple and convenient selection and maintenance in L. lactis.
Authors:
V R Sridhar; V V Smeianov; J L Steele
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied microbiology     Volume:  101     ISSN:  1364-5072     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Microbiol.     Publication Date:  2006 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-07-12     Completed Date:  2006-09-29     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9706280     Medline TA:  J Appl Microbiol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  161-71     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Food Science, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aspartate Aminotransferases / genetics*
Bifidobacterium / genetics
Cloning, Molecular
DNA Primers
Food Industry*
Food Microbiology*
Gene Expression
Genetic Engineering
Genetic Markers
Genetic Vectors*
Lactococcus lactis / enzymology,  genetics*
Plasmids
Probiotics*
alpha-Galactosidase / genetics*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/DNA Primers; 0/Genetic Markers; EC 2.6.1.1/Aspartate Aminotransferases; EC 3.2.1.22/alpha-Galactosidase

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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