Document Detail


Constructing insanity: jurors' prototypes, attitudes, and legal decision-making.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17506086     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Research consistently indicates that jurors' intuitive prototypes of insanity and case-relevant attitudes shape their verdicts more strongly than legal definitions of insanity. Based on a sample of 113 prospective jurors, this study was designed to (a) assess the extent to which three prototypes of insanity held by jurors in a past study generalize to a sample of jurors in another state and (b) determine the relative influence of attitudes toward the insanity defense and prototypes of insanity on jurors' case judgments across four insanity case vignettes. Results suggest that jurors' attitudes toward the insanity defense affected case judgments so strongly (r = .41-.61) that they swamped efforts to assess jurors' prototypes of insanity. Further, jurors' prototypes of insanity offered little incremental utility beyond that of insanity defense attitudes. Implications for identifying biased jurors and potential interventions for bringing jurors' decisions into greater accord with the law are discussed.
Authors:
Jennifer Eno Louden; Jennifer L Skeem
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Behavioral sciences & the law     Volume:  25     ISSN:  0735-3936     ISO Abbreviation:  Behav Sci Law     Publication Date:  2007  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-08-13     Completed Date:  2007-11-20     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8404861     Medline TA:  Behav Sci Law     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  449-70     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology and Social Behavior, University of California, Irvine,3340 Social Ecology 11, Irvine, CA 92697-7085, USA. jenoloud@uci.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Attitude*
Decision Making*
Humans
Insanity Defense*
Nevada
Questionnaires

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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