Document Detail


Constant positive airway pressure. A review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  380023     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Constant positive airway pressure (CPAP) represents a major advance in the treatment of hypoxaemia. By increasing the functional residual capacity (FRC), airway closure and airway resistance are minimized. Ventilation and perfusion are more evenly matched so that gas exchange is made more efficient. In addition, the lung remains on a favourable portion of the compliance curve so that the work of breathing is reduced. The increased oxygenation is achieved at the lowest possible inspired oxygen concentration (FiO2) to minimize oxygen toxocity. A unified approach to the terms used, as well as their abbreviations, is presented.
Authors:
D J Comyn
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  South African medical journal = Suid-Afrikaanse tydskrif vir geneeskunde     Volume:  55     ISSN:  0256-9574     ISO Abbreviation:  S. Afr. Med. J.     Publication Date:  1979 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1979-09-25     Completed Date:  1979-09-25     Revised Date:  2014-09-12    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404520     Medline TA:  S Afr Med J     Country:  SOUTH AFRICA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  752-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Airway Resistance
Anoxia / etiology
Functional Residual Capacity
Humans
Intermittent Positive-Pressure Ventilation* / adverse effects
Lung Compliance
Oxygen / adverse effects
Positive-Pressure Respiration* / adverse effects
Respiration, Artificial
Terminology as Topic*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
S88TT14065/Oxygen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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