Document Detail

Consistency or change in nicotine dependence according to the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence over three years in a population sample.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15774413     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The goal was to determine whether nicotine dependence levels remain consistent or change over three years. From a population- based sample of 4075 residents aged 18-64, drawn at random, data of 696 individuals was used, who had smoked cigarettes for 21 years on average. Nicotine dependence was assessed by the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) at baseline, and 30 and 36 months later. In addition, nicotine dependence and alcohol dependence were diagnosed according to the American Psychiatric Association (DSM-IV). We found an increase in the FTND over 36 months. Subgroups were revealed with sustained high, increasing, decreasing, and sustained low rates of the FTND sum score. Male gender, age at onset of smoking 15 years or younger, DSM-IV nicotine dependence, and DSM-IV alcohol dependence at baseline predicted a sustained high FTND. We conclude that nicotine dependence is increasing even after many years of smoking in an adult population sample.
Ulrich John; Christian Meyer; Hans-Jürgen Rumpf; Anja Schumann; Ulfert Hapke
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of addictive diseases     Volume:  24     ISSN:  1055-0887     ISO Abbreviation:  J Addict Dis     Publication Date:  2005  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-03-18     Completed Date:  2005-04-12     Revised Date:  2008-05-12    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9107051     Medline TA:  J Addict Dis     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  85-100     Citation Subset:  IM    
University of Greifswald, Institute of Epidemiology and Social Medicine, Addiction Research Center, Walther-Rathenau-Str. 48, D 17487 Greifswald, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Age of Onset
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Longitudinal Studies
Middle Aged
Sex Factors
Tobacco Use Disorder / classification*,  psychology*

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