Document Detail

Considerations in planning vegan diets: infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11424546     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Appropriately planned vegan diets can satisfy nutrient needs of infants. The American Dietetic Association and The American Academy of Pediatrics state that vegan diets can promote normal infant growth. It is important for parents to provide appropriate foods for vegan infants, using guidelines like those in this article. Key considerations when working with vegan families include composition of breast milk from vegan women, appropriate breast milk substitutes, supplements, type and amount of dietary fat, and solid food introduction. Growth of vegan infants appears adequate with post-weaning growth related to dietary adequacy. Breast milk composition is similar to that of non-vegetarians except for fat composition. For the first 4 to 6 months, breast milk should be the sole food with soy-based infant formula as an alternative. Commercial soymilk should not be the primary beverage until after age 1 year. Breastfed vegan infants may need supplements of vitamin B-12 if maternal diet is inadequate; older infants may need zinc supplements and reliable sources of iron and vitamins D and B-12. Timing of solid food introduction is similar to that recommended for non-vegetarians. Tofu, dried beans, and meat analogs are introduced as protein sources around 7-8 months. Vegan diets can be planned to be nutritionally adequate and support growth for infants.
A R Mangels; V Messina
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Dietetic Association     Volume:  101     ISSN:  0002-8223     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Diet Assoc     Publication Date:  2001 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-06-26     Completed Date:  2001-07-12     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503061     Medline TA:  J Am Diet Assoc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  670-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Vegetarian Resource Group, Baltimore, Md., USA.
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MeSH Terms
Child Development / physiology*
Diet, Vegetarian*
Dietary Supplements
Docosahexaenoic Acids / administration & dosage
Infant Food*
Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
Infant, Newborn
Iron, Dietary / administration & dosage
Lipids / analysis
Milk, Human / chemistry*
Soybean Proteins / administration & dosage
Vitamin B 12 / administration & dosage
Vitamin D / administration & dosage
Zinc / administration & dosage
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Iron, Dietary; 0/Lipids; 0/Soybean Proteins; 1406-16-2/Vitamin D; 25167-62-8/Docosahexaenoic Acids; 68-19-9/Vitamin B 12; 7440-66-6/Zinc

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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