Document Detail

Consequences of local Allee effects in spatially structured populations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21221648     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The ideal free distribution model incorporating the Allee effect was published by Fretwell and Lucas (1970), but went almost unnoticed within the ecological literature. The model is relevant to populations distributed among patchy habitats. It predicts a sporadic but substantial decline in populations at high densities, which in turn induces the rapid growth of new populations. In this paper, I show that the simple process explained by this model can be used to change our view of several phenomena within the field of population ecology, behavioural ecology and conservation. The ecological consequences of the model are well known. A key feature of Fretwell and Lucas's model is what I call the "Allee paradox:" there is a range of local population densities at which local individual fitness is less than the potential mean gain that could be obtained in the environment; however, individuals cannot disperse. This paradox can be used to explain why helping appears before suitable breeding areas are fully occupied, and why breeding females aggregate when male coercion is a reproductive cost. The model also predicts high clustering between related populations, and, in conservation biology, it can identify unfounded concerns about the dangers of extinction, delays in recolonisation processes after human-induced population decline, and latency periods in the initial phases of expansion of invasive species.
Marcelo H Cassini
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-1-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  Oecologia     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-1939     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-1-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0150372     Medline TA:  Oecologia     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
GEMA Group, DCB, University of Luján, Rutas 5 y 7, 6700, Luján, Buenos Aires, Argentina,
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