Document Detail

Consciousness eclipsed: Jacques Loeb, Ivan P. Pavlov, and the rise of reductionistic biology after 1900.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15766898     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The life sciences in the 20th century were guided to a large extent by a reductionist program seeking to explain biological phenomena in terms of physics and chemistry. Two scientists who figured prominently in the establishment and dissemination of this program were Jacques Loeb in biology and Ivan P. Pavlov in psychological behaviorism. While neither succeeded in accounting for higher mental functions in physical-chemical terms, both adopted positions that reduced the problem of consciousness to the level of reflexes and associations. The intellectual origins of this view and the impediment to the study of consciousness as an object of inquiry in its own right that it may have imposed on peers, students, and those who followed is explored.
Ralph J Greenspan; Bernard J Baars
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Biography; Historical Article; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Consciousness and cognition     Volume:  14     ISSN:  1053-8100     ISO Abbreviation:  Conscious Cogn     Publication Date:  2005 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-03-15     Completed Date:  2005-08-02     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9303140     Medline TA:  Conscious Cogn     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  219-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
The Neurosciences Institute, 10640 John Jay Hopkins Dr., San Diego, CA 92121, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Behaviorism / history*
Biology / history*,  trends*
Conditioning (Psychology) / physiology
Consciousness / physiology*
History, 19th Century
History, 20th Century
Tropism / physiology
United States
Personal Name Subject
Personal Name Subject:
Jacques Loeb; I P Pavlov

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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