Document Detail

Conjunctival oedema as a potential objective sign of intracranial hypertension: a short illustrated review and three case reports.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23793919     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Periorbital and conjunctival oedema has been reported anecdotally by patients with raised intracranial pressure states. We present three clinical cases of this phenomenon and discuss the current evidence for pathways by which cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) drains in relation to conjunctival oedema. We reviewed the available literature using PubMed, in regards to conjunctival oedema as it relates to intracranial hypertension, and present the clinical history, radiology and orbital photographs of three cases we have observed. Only one previous publication has linked raised intracranial pressure (ICP) to conjuctival oedema. The weight of evidence supports the observation that the majority of CSF drains along the cranial nerves as opposed to via the arachnoid projections. Conjunctival oedema may be a clinical manifestation of CSF draining via the optic nerve in elevated ICP states.
Nicholas Toalster; Rosalind L Jeffree
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-6-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta neurochirurgica     Volume:  -     ISSN:  0942-0940     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Neurochir (Wien)     Publication Date:  2013 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-6-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0151000     Medline TA:  Acta Neurochir (Wien)     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Kenneth G. Jamieson Department of Neurosurgery, Royal Brisbane and Womens Hospital, Butterfield St, Herston, 4029, Brisbane, Australia.
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