Document Detail

Congenital trigeminal anaesthesia: a rare preventable cause of visual loss in children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22761208     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Congenital trigeminal anaesthesia (CTA) is a rare condition characterised by a congenital deficit involving all or part of the sensory component of the trigeminal nerve in children. It is a heterogeneous condition that can present in isolation or is associated with congenital abnormalities affecting the mesoderm, ectoderm and/or brainstem. The authors report a case of a 4-year-old girl who presented with reduced visual acuity, painless bilateral keratitis and painless non-healing lesions on the face, who was confirmed to have CTA on detailed neurophysiological investigations. She also had associated unilateral renal dysplasia and Duane syndrome. The authors also discuss an up-to-date review of the published cases of CTA in literature, the first of which was reported as early as 1984.
Anand Iyer; Eusra Hassan; William Newman; Rachel Kneen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article     Date:  2012-07-03
Journal Detail:
Title:  BMJ case reports     Volume:  2012     ISSN:  1757-790X     ISO Abbreviation:  BMJ Case Rep     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-07-04     Completed Date:  2014-02-04     Revised Date:  2014-07-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101526291     Medline TA:  BMJ Case Rep     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Child, Preschool
Duane Retraction Syndrome / complications
Facial Dermatoses / complications,  drug therapy
Hypesthesia / complications,  congenital*,  therapy
Keratitis / complications,  congenital*,  therapy
Trigeminal Nerve Diseases / complications,  congenital*
Vision Disorders / etiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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