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Congenital toxoplasmosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21418689     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: Infection with Toxoplasma gondii is asymptomatic or mild in immunocompetent people and leads to lifelong immunity, but it can have serious consequences in pregnancy. About five per 1000 non-immune pregnant women may acquire toxoplasma infection, with a 10% to 100% risk of transmission to the baby. Risks of transmission to the baby are higher later in pregnancy, but risks of infection causing harm to the baby are greater earlier in pregnancy. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic review and aimed to answer the following clinical questions: What are the effects on mother and baby of treating toxoplasmosis during pregnancy? What are the effects of treating toxoplasmosis in neonates exposed to toxoplasmosis prenatally? We searched: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and other important databases up to May 2010 (Clinical Evidence reviews are updated periodically; please check our website for the most up-to-date version of this review). We included harms alerts from relevant organisations such as the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the UK Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA).
RESULTS: We found seven systematic reviews, RCTs, or observational studies that met our inclusion criteria. We performed a GRADE evaluation of the quality of evidence for interventions.
CONCLUSIONS: In this systematic review we present information relating to the effectiveness and safety of the following interventions: antiparasitic drugs in pregnancy, and antiparasitic drugs in neonates.
Authors:
Jeffrey Kravetz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-06-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical evidence     Volume:  2010     ISSN:  1752-8526     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Evid (Online)     Publication Date:  2010  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-03-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101294314     Medline TA:  Clin Evid (Online)     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Yale University School of Medicine, Yale University, West Haven, CT, USA.
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