Document Detail

Congenital chylothorax in a late preterm infant and successful treatment with octreotide.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22036228     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Chylothorax is defined as abnormal accumulation of lymphatic fluid in the pleural space and is a rare condition in neonates. Chylothorax causes respiratory and nutritional problems and a significant mortality rate. Octreotide is a long-acting somatostatin analog that can reduce lymphatic fluid production and has been used as a new strategy in the treatment of chylothorax. Here, we report a premature baby with severe bilateral pleural effusion diagnosed by prenatal ultrasound and subsequently confirmed to be congenital chylothorax after birth. This newborn baby was initially treated with bilateral chest tube insertion to relieve severe respiratory distress. However, the chylothorax recurred after a medium-chain-triglyceride-enriched formula was initiated. The accumulation of chylothorax diminished after the administration of octreotide. Therefore, octreotide may allow the patient to avoid invasive procedures, such as reinsertion of chest tubes or surgery.
Ning-Hui Foo; Yea-Shwu Hwang; Chin-Chuan Lin; Wen-Hui Tsai
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-07-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatrics and neonatology     Volume:  52     ISSN:  1875-9572     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr Neonatol     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101484755     Medline TA:  Pediatr Neonatol     Country:  Singapore    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  297-301     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Department of Pediatrics, Chi Mei Foundation Hospital, Tainan, Taiwan.
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