Document Detail

Congenital alopecia areata.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15692503     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Alopecia areata, the alleged autoimmune process leading to nonscarring hair loss, is not uncommon. It has been classified as an acquired cause of alopecia; however, recently it has been reported in the neonatal period. We report 4 cases of congenital alopecia areata with follow-up from 3 to 5 years. The diagnosis was made clinically in all cases. All patients had prolonged periods of quiescence of hair loss ranging from 6 to 24 months. Treatments used included minoxidil 2% and a range of topical steroids including hydrocortisone 1%, betamethasone valerate 0.05%, fluocinonide 0.05%, and clobetasol propionate 0.05%. The best regrowth observed resulted from the use of clobetasol propionate 0.05%, giving full regrowth in 50% of those treated. Alopecia areata can occur at all ages and, thus, can be classified as both an acquired and a congenital disorder resulting in hair loss.
Patsy Lenane; Elena Pope; Bernice Krafchik
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology     Volume:  52     ISSN:  1097-6787     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Acad. Dermatol.     Publication Date:  2005 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-02-04     Completed Date:  2005-08-30     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7907132     Medline TA:  J Am Acad Dermatol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  8-11     Citation Subset:  IM    
Dermatology Department, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Administration, Cutaneous
Alopecia Areata / congenital*,  drug therapy
Follow-Up Studies
Glucocorticoids / administration & dosage
Infant, Newborn
Reg. No./Substance:

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