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Congenital Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction in Premature Children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23614467     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE:To determine the incidence of congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (CNLDO) in premature and full-term children. METHODS:Medical records of 200 premature and 200 full-term children from July 2004 to November 2009 at the Peri-Peri Health Center were retrospectively reviewed. Fifty-three nasolacrimal ducts in 32 premature children (21 patients were bilateral) and 9 nasolacrimal ducts in 7 full-term children (2 patients were bilateral) diagnosed as having CNLDO were retrospectively examined. RESULTS:Of the 200 premature children, 32 (16%) had CNLDO compared with 7 (3.5%) of the 200 full-term infants (P < .0001). Thirty premature infants and five full-term children underwent conservative treatment. Bilateral obstruction was found in all 3 extremely premature children (gestational age < 28 weeks), in 9 (69.23%) moderately premature children (gestational age of 28 to 31 weeks), in 9 (56.25%) mildly premature children (gestational age of 32 to 36 weeks), and in 2 (28.57%) full-term children (gestational age > 37 weeks). CONCLUSIONS:This study reported a higher incidence of CNLDO in preterm infants when compared to full-term infants. This might be expected in light of the normal development of the nasolacrimal duct system, the patency of which normally occurs after the preterm infant is born.[J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 20XX;XX(X):XX-XX.].
Silvia Helena Tavares Lorena; João Amaro Ferrari Silva; Marinho Jorge Scarpi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-4-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of pediatric ophthalmology and strabismus     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1938-2405     ISO Abbreviation:  J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus     Publication Date:  2013 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-4-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7901143     Medline TA:  J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1-6     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2013, SLACK Incorporated.
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