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Conditioned medium from hypoxic cells protects cardiomyocytes against ischemia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22160856     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The hypothesis of the present study is that cardiomyocytes subjected to prolonged ischemia, may release survival factors that will protect new cardiac cells from ischemic stress. We exposed neonatal rat cardiomyocyte primary cultures to hypoxia, collected the supernatant, treated intact cardiac cells by this posthypoxic supernatant, and exposed them to hypoxia. The results show cardioprotection of the treated cells compared with the untreated ones. We named the collected posthypoxic supernatant "conditioned medium" (CM), which acts in a dose-dependent manner to protect new cardiac cells from hypoxia: 100 or 75% of CM diluted in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) protected cells as if they were not exposed to hypoxia (P < 0.001). When CM was removed from the cells before hypoxia, protection was not observed. CM also protected skeletal muscle cultures from hypoxia, but not cardiac cells against H(2)O(2)-induced cell damage. Finally, CM treatment protected the isolated heart in Langendorff set-up against ischemia. Smaller infarct size (9.9 ± 4.4% vs. 28.3 ± 8.5%, P < 0.05), better Rate Pressure Product (67 ± 11% vs. 48.6 ± 13.4%, P < 0.05) and better rate of contraction and relaxation were observed following ischemia and reperfusion (1341 ± 399 mmHg/s vs. 951 ± 349 mmHg/s, P < 0.05 and 1053 ± 347 mmHg/s vs. 736 ± 314 mmHg/s, P < 0.05). To conclude, there are factors that are released from the heart cells subjected to ischemia/hypoxia that protects cardiomyocytes from ischemic stress.
Authors:
B Chanyshev; A Shainberg; A Isak; Y Chepurko; E Porat; E Hochhauser
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecular and cellular biochemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-4919     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0364456     Medline TA:  Mol Cell Biochem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
The Mina and Everard Goodman Faculty of Life Sciences, Bar-Ilan University, 52900, Ramat Gan, Israel.
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