Document Detail


Condition factor and diet of Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus and Chrysichthys auratus (Siluriformes: Bagridae) from Aiba Reservoir, Iwo, Nigeria.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22017128     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus and C. auratus are important, highly valued and threatened freshwater species. To contribute with their ecological knowledge, the condition factor and diet of these two congeneric species were studied between April 2005 and April 2006. Food items of fish were evaluated by occurrence and numerical abundance methods, and the possible changes among sexes, seasons and sizes were considered. Results showed that generally C. nigrodigitatus were better conditioned than C. auratus. The males of C. nigrodigitatus and females of C. auratus were in better condition than their respective opposite sex throughout the year, and during the wet season compared to the dry. The food items of C. nigrodigitatus and C. auratus were similar and comprised twelve species belonging to five groups: Insecta (three species), Crustacea (five species), Arachnida (one species), Rotifera (one species) and Mollusca (two species). Other food items included fish scales, unidentified green eggs, plant parts, detritus and sand. Insecta and Crustacea dominated the food items in both species. For C. nigrodigitatus, insect consumption increased with fish size, while Crustacea items decreased (from 89.59% for 8.1cm - 12.0cm size class to 1.58% for 20.1cm - 26.0cm size class). However, while C. auratus smaller sized fish preferred Crustacea (98.72% for 8.1cm -12.0 cm size class), larger sized fish had both groups in relatively similar amounts. Schoener Overlap Index for both species and between seasons is 1.00. Diet breadth ranged from 0.00-1.47 for C. nigrodigitatus and 0.00-1.32 for C. auratus. Food Richness ranged from 0.00-1.44 for both species. Gut Repletion Index for C. nigrodigitatus and C. auratus are 76.39% and 76.27% respectively. Although, there is considerable similarity and overlap in the utilization of food resource for both coexisting species, condition factor and feeding behavior suggest strategies to reduce intra- and interspecific competition.
Authors:
Oluwatosin Ebenezer Atobatele; Alex Obih Ugwumba
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Revista de biología tropical     Volume:  59     ISSN:  0034-7744     ISO Abbreviation:  Rev. Biol. Trop.     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404267     Medline TA:  Rev Biol Trop     Country:  Costa Rica    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1233-44     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Biological Sciences, Bowen University, P.M.B. 284, Iwo, Osun, Nigeria. tosine_ben@yahoo.com
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