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Concurrent effect of noise exposure and smoking on extended high-frequency pure-tone thresholds.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25470622     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Objective: Concurrent effect of noise and smoking on hearing loss is a recent concern. In this study, the concurrent effect of noise and smoking on hearing loss in conventional frequencies and frequencies higher than 8 kHz was assessed. Design: This was a cross-sectional study on workers exposed to noise who were divided into two groups: smokers and non-smokers. Hearing thresholds were assessed by conventional audiometry, and HFA. Data were analysed using non-parametric tests and Student's t-test. Study sample: There were 212 workers. Results: Ninety-seven subjects were smokers and 115 individuals were non-smokers. All subjects were exposed to 92.1 ± 2.4 dBA (Leq8h). The highest threshold in conventional and high-frequency audiometry was observed at 6 kHz and 16 kHz, respectively. Hearing threshold at frequencies above 1 kHz was significantly higher in the smokers than non-smokers. There was no correlation between hearing thresholds and pack-years of smoking. Conclusions: Concurrent exposure to noise and smoking may be associated with more hearing loss than exposure to noise alone in the conventional and high frequencies. However, other differences between smokers and non-smokers may explain these differences as well.
Authors:
Amir Houshang Mehrparvar; Seyed Jalil Mirmohammadi; Seyed Hesam Hashemi; Mohammad Hossein Davari; Mehrdad Mostaghaci; Abolfazl Mollasadeghi; Zohreh Zare
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-12-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of audiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1708-8186     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Audiol     Publication Date:  2014 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-12-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-12-4    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101140017     Medline TA:  Int J Audiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1-7     Citation Subset:  -    
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