Document Detail


Concurrent brief versus intensive smoking intervention during alcohol dependence treatment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18072840     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Alcohol dependent smokers (N=118) enrolled in an intensive outpatient substance abuse treatment program were randomized to a concurrent brief or intensive smoking cessation intervention. Brief treatment consisted of a 15-min counseling session with 5 min of follow-up. Intensive intervention consisted of three 1-hr counseling sessions plus 8 weeks of nicotine patch therapy. The cigarette abstinence rate, verified by breath carbon monoxide, was significantly higher for the intensive treatment group (27.5%) versus the rate for the brief treatment group (6.6%) at 1 month after the quit date but not at 6 months, when abstinence rates fell to 9.1% for the intensive treatment group and 2.1% for the brief treatment group. Smoking treatment assignment did not significantly impact alcohol outcomes. Although intensive smoking treatment was associated with higher rates of short-term tobacco abstinence, other, perhaps more intensive, smoking interventions are needed to produce lasting smoking cessation in alcohol dependent smokers.
Authors:
Ned L Cooney; Mark D Litt; Judith L Cooney; David T Pilkey; Howard R Steinberg; Cheryl A Oncken
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychology of addictive behaviors : journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors     Volume:  21     ISSN:  0893-164X     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychol Addict Behav     Publication Date:  2007 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-12-12     Completed Date:  2008-03-13     Revised Date:  2014-09-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8802734     Medline TA:  Psychol Addict Behav     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  570-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Alcoholism / epidemiology*,  rehabilitation*
Counseling
Female
Humans
Incidence
Male
Middle Aged
Smoking / epidemiology*,  prevention & control
Smoking Cessation* / methods
Time Factors
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
P50 AA15632/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; R01 AA011197/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; R01 AA011197-08/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; R01 AA11197/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

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