Document Detail

Concomitant abuse of anabolic androgenic steroids and human chorionic gonadotrophin impairs spermatogenesis in power athletes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15162244     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abuse of anabolic androgenic steroids (AASs) may be an aetiological factor in male infertility among recreational power athletes. They try to avoid AAS-induced deterioration in spermatogenesis by combining doses of human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) and/or antiestrogens with their AAS abuse. Eighteen healthy male power athletes using massive doses of AASs were recruited for the study. Semen samples were collected during AAS abuse and 1.5 and 6 months after cessation of the abuse. They were also asked about their reproductive activity six years after the study. At the end of the AAS cycle, the sperm count was 33 +/- 49 x 10 (6) /ml (mean +/- SD), and only one subject had azoospermia. At 1.5 months after cessation of the AAS cycles, the mean sperm concentration was 30 +/- 42 x 10 (6) /ml, and after six months 77 +/- 70 x 10 (6) /ml. There were significant differences between the sample drawn six months after cessation of AAS abuse and both samples drawn during and 1.5 months after the abuse (p </= 0.05, repeated measures of ANOVA). There was a significant positive correlation between HCG dose during the cycle and the relative amount of morphologically abnormal spermatozoa (r = 0.60, p < 0.01). The concomitant abuse of HCG and supraphysiological AAS dose cause transient impairment on semen quality in males, although spermatogenesis is maintained with this regimen despite prolonged abuse of massive doses of AAS.
T Karila; O Hovatta; T Seppälä
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of sports medicine     Volume:  25     ISSN:  0172-4622     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Sports Med     Publication Date:  2004 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-05-26     Completed Date:  2004-09-28     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8008349     Medline TA:  Int J Sports Med     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  257-63     Citation Subset:  IM    
Laboratory of Substance Abuse, Helsinki, Finland.
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MeSH Terms
Anabolic Agents / adverse effects*
Androgens / adverse effects*
Chorionic Gonadotropin / adverse effects*
Doping in Sports*
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Drug Therapy, Combination
Sperm Count
Spermatogenesis / drug effects*
Steroids / adverse effects*
Weight Lifting / physiology*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anabolic Agents; 0/Androgens; 0/Chorionic Gonadotropin; 0/Steroids

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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