Document Detail


Concentrations of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans, non-ortho polychlorinated biphenyls, and mono-ortho polychlorinated biphenyls in Japanese flounder, with reference to the relationship between body length and concentration.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14999318     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The concentrations of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs), non-ortho polychlorinated biphenyls (non-ortho PCBs), and mono-ortho polychlorinated biphenyls (mono-ortho PCBs) in Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus, body length 10.4-36.6 cm) collected from Sendai Bay, Japan, were determined using high-resolution gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The relationship between the concentrations of these compounds (dioxins) and the body length of the Japanese flounder was examined. The total PCDD and total PCDF concentrations did not correlate with body length (both r(2) < 0.1, both p > 0.05), whereas the total non-ortho PCB and total mono-ortho PCB (coplanar polychlorinated biphenyls, Co-PCBs) concentrations were significantly correlated (r(2)= 0.8, p < 0.05 and r(2)= 0.63, p < 0.05, respectively). The bioaccumulation properties of PCDD/Fs in Japanese flounder differed from those of Co-PCBs. Toxicity equivalency quotient (TEQ) values derived from the Co-PCBs made up 46.3%-63.7% of the total TEQ value for all the dioxins. Although the concentrations of non-ortho PCBs were lower than those of mono-ortho PCBs, the TEQ value for non-ortho PCBs was higher than that for mono-ortho PCBs. The TEQ value for non-ortho PCBs increased more with increasing body length than did the values for PCDDs, PCDFs, and mono-ortho PCBs. These results show that from the standpoint of risk management, non-ortho Co-PCBs are the most important of the dioxins in Japanese flounder.
Authors:
Yutaka Okumura; Yoh Yamashita; Satoshi Isagawa
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2004-01-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of environmental monitoring : JEM     Volume:  6     ISSN:  1464-0325     ISO Abbreviation:  J Environ Monit     Publication Date:  2004 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-03-04     Completed Date:  2004-06-15     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100968688     Medline TA:  J Environ Monit     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  201-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Tohoku National Fisheries Research Institute, Fisheries Research Agency, 3-27-5 Shinhama, Shiogama, Miyagi 985-0001, Japan. okumura@affrc.go.jp
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Benzofurans / analysis*,  pharmacokinetics
Body Constitution
Environmental Monitoring
Flounder*
Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
Japan
Polychlorinated Biphenyls / analysis*,  pharmacokinetics
Soil Pollutants / analysis*,  pharmacokinetics
Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin / analogs & derivatives*,  analysis*,  pharmacokinetics
Tissue Distribution
Water Pollutants, Chemical / analysis*,  pharmacokinetics
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Benzofurans; 0/Polychlorinated Biphenyls; 0/Soil Pollutants; 0/Water Pollutants, Chemical; 0/chlorinated dibenzofurans; 0/polychlorodibenzo-4-dioxin; 1746-01-6/Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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