Document Detail

Concentrations of phthalate esters and identification of other additives in PVC children's toys.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19153836     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
This study was intended to provide data on the composition of soft PVC toys, addressing the widest practicable range of chemical additives and including non-phthalate additives. The study also included toys from as many countries as possible, since for many, no data were available. A total of 72 toys were purchased in 17 countries. The majority (64) were PVC or had PVC sections. In almost all the soft PVC toys analysed, phthalates comprised a sizeable proportion (most frequently 10-40%) of the total weight of the toy.The predominant phthalates detected were diisononyl phthalate (DINP) and di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP). Other phthalates identified in high concentrations in some toys include isomeric mixes of diisooctyl phthalate (DIOP) and diisodecyl phthalate (DIDP). The estrogenic chemical nonylphenol was isolated from 13 toys, while 2 toys were found to contain the fungicide Fungitrol 11 (Folpet). 78% of PVC toys contained one or more extractable organic compounds in addition to those reported above.
R Stringer; I Labunska; D Santillo; P Johnston; J Siddorn; A Stephenson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental science and pollution research international     Volume:  7     ISSN:  0944-1344     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ Sci Pollut Res Int     Publication Date:  2000 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-01-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9441769     Medline TA:  Environ Sci Pollut Res Int     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  27-36     Citation Subset:  -    
Greenpeace Research Laboratories, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Exeter, Hatherly Laboratories, Prince of Wales Road, EX4 4PS, Exeter, UK,
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