Document Detail


Computer-assisted instruction to prevent early reading difficulties in students at risk for dyslexia: Outcomes from two instructional approaches.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20052566     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The relative effectiveness of two computer-assisted instructional programs designed to provide instruction and practice in foundational reading skills was examined. First-grade students at risk for reading disabilities received approximately 80 h of small-group instruction in four 50-min sessions per week from October through May. Approximately half of the instruction was delivered by specially trained teachers to prepare students for their work on the computer, and half was delivered by the computer programs. At the end of first grade, there were no differences in student reading performance between students assigned to the different intervention conditions, but the combined-intervention students performed significantly better than control students who had been exposed to their school's normal reading program. Significant differences were obtained for phonemic awareness, phonemic decoding, reading accuracy, rapid automatic naming, and reading comprehension. A follow-up test at the end of second grade showed a similar pattern of differences, although only differences in phonemic awareness, phonemic decoding, and rapid naming remained statistically reliable.
Authors:
Joseph K Torgesen; Richard K Wagner; Carol A Rashotte; Jeannine Herron; Patricia Lindamood
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2010-01-06
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of dyslexia     Volume:  60     ISSN:  1934-7243     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann Dyslexia     Publication Date:  2010 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-21     Completed Date:  2010-09-16     Revised Date:  2013-05-31    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8406611     Medline TA:  Ann Dyslexia     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  40-56     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Florida Center for Reading Research and Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, USA. torgesen@fcrr.org
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Child
Child Behavior / psychology
Comprehension
Computer-Assisted Instruction*
Dyslexia / prevention & control*
Female
Humans
Language Tests
Male
Psychological Tests
Reading*
Teaching / methods
Treatment Outcome
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HD30988/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; P50 HD052120/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; P50 HD052120-03/HD/NICHD NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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