Document Detail

Computer-aided detection of pulmonary embolism in computed tomographic pulmonary angiography (CTPA): performance evaluation with independent data sets.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19746771     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The authors are developing a computer-aided detection system for pulmonary emboli (PE) in computed tomographic pulmonary angiography (CTPA) scans. The pulmonary vessel tree is extracted using a 3D expectation-maximization segmentation method based on the analysis of eigen-values of Hessian matrices at multiple scales. A parallel multiprescreening method is applied to the segmented vessels to identify volume of interests (VOIs) that contained suspicious PE. A linear discriminant analysis (LDA) classifier with feature selection is designed to reduce false positives (FPs). Features that characterize the contrast, gray level, and size of PE are extracted as input predictor variables to the LDA classifier. With the IRB approval, 59 CTPA PE cases were collected retrospectively from the patient files (UM cases). With access permission, 69 CTPA PE cases were randomly selected from the data set of the prospective investigation of pulmonary embolism diagnosis (PIOPED) II clinical trial. Extensive lung parenchymal or pleural diseases were present in 22/59 UM and 26/69 PIOPED cases. Experienced thoracic radiologists manually marked 595 and 800 PE as the reference standards in the UM and PIOPED data sets, respectively. PE occlusion of arteries ranged from 5% to 100%, with PE located from the main pulmonary artery to the subsegmental artery levels. Of the 595 PE identified in the UM cases, 245 and 350 PE were located in the subsegmental arteries and the more proximal arteries, respectively. The detection performance was assessed by free response ROC (FROC) analysis. The FROC analysis indicated that the PE detection system could achieve an overall sensitivity of 80% at 18.9 FPs/case for the PIOPED cases when the LDA classifier was trained with the UM cases. The test sensitivity with the UM cases was 80% at 22.6 FPs/cases when the LDA classifier was trained with the PIOPED cases. The detection performance depended on the arterial level where the PE was located and on the percentage of occlusion. The sensitivity was lower for PE in the subsegmental arteries than in more proximal arteries and was lower for PE with less than 20% occlusion. The results indicate that the PE detection system achieves high sensitivity for PE detection on independent CTPA scans for both the PIOPED and UM data sets and demonstrate the potential that the automated PE detection approach can be generalized to unknown cases.
Chuan Zhou; Heang-Ping Chan; Berkman Sahiner; Lubomir M Hadjiiski; Aamer Chughtai; Smita Patel; Jun Wei; Philip N Cascade; Ella A Kazerooni
Publication Detail:
Type:  Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medical physics     Volume:  36     ISSN:  0094-2405     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Phys     Publication Date:  2009 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-09-14     Completed Date:  2009-09-30     Revised Date:  2014-09-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0425746     Medline TA:  Med Phys     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3385-96     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Angiography / methods*
Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted / methods*
Feasibility Studies
Image Processing, Computer-Assisted / methods*
Lung / blood supply,  radiography*
Models, Anatomic
Pulmonary Embolism / physiopathology,  radiography*
ROC Curve
Reference Standards
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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