Document Detail


Computed tomography of the trapped fourth ventricle.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  415558     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A dilated fourth ventricle due to outlet obstruction is a clinical-radiologic entity with symptoms similar to those of a posterior fossa space-occupying lesion. Computed tomography reveals cystic dilatation of the fourth ventricle and hydrocephalus supratentorially. Frequently the symptoms resolve completely and the fourth ventricle returns to normal following lateral ventricular shunting. If there is actual obliteration of the aqueduct, the fourth ventricle must be shunted directly. While the exact mechanism by which the fourth ventricle becomes trapped is not fully known, outlet obstruction must be present. It is most frequently related to previous episodes of meningitis or subarachnoid hemorrhage. In a review of 48 cases of an abnormally enlarged fourth ventricle demonstrated on CT, six were found to have a trapped fourth ventricle. Careful attention to densities and configurations on CT allows its differentiation from other lesions such as cystic tumors and cysts.
Authors:
R A Zimmerman; L T Bilaniuk; E Gallo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  AJR. American journal of roentgenology     Volume:  130     ISSN:  0361-803X     ISO Abbreviation:  AJR Am J Roentgenol     Publication Date:  1978 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1978-04-26     Completed Date:  1978-04-26     Revised Date:  2008-02-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7708173     Medline TA:  AJR Am J Roentgenol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  503-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Cerebral Ventricles
Cerebral Ventriculography*
Child
Dilatation, Pathologic / radiography
Female
Humans
Hydrocephalus / etiology,  radiography*
Male
Middle Aged
Tomography, X-Ray Computed*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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