Document Detail

Computed tomography findings of peritoneal tuberculosis: systematic review of seven patients diagnosed in 6 years (1996-2001).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15471665     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the computed tomography (CT) findings in patients with demonstrated peritoneal tuberculosis (TB) and their concordance with the three types from the traditional classification (wet, fibrotic, and dry plastic). METHODS: We reviewed the CT images of all patients with microbiologically proven peritoneal tuberculosis over a 6-year period (1996-2001). RESULTS: Seven patients were included. Ascites was present in 5 patients (free ascites in 3 patients and loculated in 2). Involvement of the mesentery was found in 5 patients, the omentum in 4, and the parietal peritoneum in 3. Tuberculous lymphadenitis was the most common associated finding (6 patients). Two patients had hepatic lesions. The fibrotic type was found in all the patients, and 5 patients had an association of the fibrotic and wet types. None of the patients had lesions consistent with the dry plastic type. CONCLUSION: Peritoneal tuberculosis is best described as a combination of ascites, peritoneal lesions, and lymphadenopathy, rather than the three types from the traditional classification.
E Vázquez Muñoz; J Gómez-Cerezo; M Atienza Saura; J J Vázquez Rodriguez
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical imaging     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0899-7071     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Imaging     Publication Date:    2004 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-10-08     Completed Date:  2005-01-27     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8911831     Medline TA:  Clin Imaging     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  340-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Radiology, Fundación Jimenez Díaz, Madrid, Spain.
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MeSH Terms
Antitubercular Agents / therapeutic use
Follow-Up Studies
Middle Aged
Peritoneum / microbiology*,  radiography
Peritonitis, Tuberculous / drug therapy,  physiopathology,  radiography*
Retrospective Studies
Risk Assessment
Sampling Studies
Sensitivity and Specificity
Severity of Illness Index
Tomography, X-Ray Computed*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antitubercular Agents

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