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Computational modeling and numerical methods for spatiotemporal calcium cycling in ventricular myocytes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22586402     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Intracellular calcium (Ca) cycling dynamics in cardiac myocytes is regulated by a complex network of spatially distributed organelles, such as sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR), mitochondria, and myofibrils. In this study, we present a mathematical model of intracellular Ca cycling and numerical and computational methods for computer simulations. The model consists of a coupled Ca release unit (CRU) network, which includes a SR domain and a myoplasm domain. Each CRU contains 10 L-type Ca channels and 100 ryanodine receptor channels, with individual channels simulated stochastically using a variant of Gillespie's method, modified here to handle time-dependent transition rates. Both the SR domain and the myoplasm domain in each CRU are modeled by 5 × 5 × 5 voxels to maintain proper Ca diffusion. Advanced numerical algorithms implemented on graphical processing units were used for fast computational simulations. For a myocyte containing 100 × 20 × 10 CRUs, a 1-s heart time simulation takes about 10 min of machine time on a single NVIDIA Tesla C2050. Examples of simulated Ca cycling dynamics, such as Ca sparks, Ca waves, and Ca alternans, are shown.
Authors:
Michael Nivala; Enno de Lange; Robert Rovetti; Zhilin Qu
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-05-08
Journal Detail:
Title:  Frontiers in physiology     Volume:  3     ISSN:  1664-042X     ISO Abbreviation:  Front Physiol     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-05-15     Completed Date:  2012-10-02     Revised Date:  2013-08-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101549006     Medline TA:  Front Physiol     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  114     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine (Cardiology), David Geffen School of Medicine University of California Los Angeles, CA, USA.
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