Document Detail

Computational engineering of metallic nanostructures and nanomachines.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12908434     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Small structures with dimensions in the nanometer regime play an important role within a lot of modern technological branches like, for example, genetics, chip fabrication, material science, medicine, or chemistry. While highly sophisticated characterization methods would be necessary to study such nanostructures, computational methods and models have made their entrance into the field of nanotechnology. The present work gives an overview of the problems connected with quantum mechanics, many-particle systems, and nanophysical models. Further, the application of molecular dynamics (MD)--a typical computational method suitable for modelling at the nanolevel--is introduced and outlined. The setup and use of specific MD models, advanced computation techniques, and efficient algorithms are discussed, while the focus is laid on the subjects nanodesign and nanoengineering which are demonstrated for the example of metallic nanostructures. Finally, the introduced techniques and methods are applied to stability studies of theoretical nanomachines.
M Rieth; W Schommers
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Evaluation Studies; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology     Volume:  2     ISSN:  1533-4880     ISO Abbreviation:  J Nanosci Nanotechnol     Publication Date:  2002 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-08-11     Completed Date:  2003-09-29     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101088195     Medline TA:  J Nanosci Nanotechnol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  679-85     Citation Subset:  IM    
Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Institut für Materialforschung I, 76021 Karlsruhe, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Computer Simulation
Computer-Aided Design*
Crystallization / instrumentation,  methods*
Equipment Design / methods
Macromolecular Substances
Metals / chemical synthesis,  chemistry*
Miniaturization / methods
Models, Molecular*
Molecular Motor Proteins / chemical synthesis,  chemistry
Nanotechnology / instrumentation*,  methods
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Macromolecular Substances; 0/Metals; 0/Molecular Motor Proteins

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