Document Detail


Compromised survivorship in zoo elephants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19074339     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We analyzed data from over 4500 elephants to show that animals in European zoos have about half the median life span of conspecifics in protected populations in range countries. This discrepancy is clearest in Asian elephants; unlike African elephants in zoos, this species' infant mortality is very high (for example, twice that seen in Burmese timber camps), and its adult survivorship in zoos has not improved significantly in recent years. One risk factor for Asian zoo elephants is being moved between institutions, with early removal from the mother tending to have additional adverse effects. Another risk factor is being born into a zoo rather than being imported from the wild, with poor adult survivorship in zoo-born Asians apparently being conferred prenatally or in early infancy. We suggest stress and/or obesity as likely causes of zoo elephants' compromised survivorship.
Authors:
Ros Clubb; Marcus Rowcliffe; Phyllis Lee; Khyne U Mar; Cynthia Moss; Georgia J Mason
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Science (New York, N.Y.)     Volume:  322     ISSN:  1095-9203     ISO Abbreviation:  Science     Publication Date:  2008 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-12-16     Completed Date:  2009-01-05     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404511     Medline TA:  Science     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1649     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA), Wilberforce Way, Southwater, West Sussex, RH13 9RS, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Africa
Animal Welfare
Animals
Animals, Wild
Animals, Zoo*
Asia
Elephants*
Female
Kaplan-Meiers Estimate
Kenya
Longevity*
Mortality
Myanmar

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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