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Comprehensive studies on the tautomerization of glycine: a theoretical study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23334558     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The tautomerization process of glycine between the neutral (NE) and zwitterionic (ZW) forms in aqueous solution was explored theoretically using the conductor-like polarizable continuum model (CPCM) by adopting the PAULING cavity model at the B3LYP, MP2 and CCSD levels with the 6-311+G(d,p) basis set. The tautomerization of glycine is unable to be predicted satisfactorily within the equilibrated framework of the CPCM method. Instead, in this study, three plausible non-equilibrated solvation situations were assumed: (S-1) one water molecule attached to the transferring proton in the ZW moves together with the transferring proton; (S-2) one water molecule attached to the transferring proton in the ZW remains motionless at a fixed position near the NH(2) fragment at the TS structure; and (S-3) proton transfer occurs without changing the position of the surrounding water molecules from their initial state, the ZW form, in the eight water clusters. Although the calculation of (S-3) failed, the Gibbs free energies of activation for tautomerization from the ZW to NE, ΔG(≠)(ZW → NE), was well consistent with the experimental findings in the hypothetical non-equilibrated solvation states of (S-1) and (S-2). This suggests that non-equilibrium solvation is essential to explain the observed experimental data.
Authors:
Chang Kon Kim; Byung-Ho Park; Hai Whang Lee; Chan Kyung Kim
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Organic & biomolecular chemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1477-0539     ISO Abbreviation:  Org. Biomol. Chem.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101154995     Medline TA:  Org Biomol Chem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Chemistry, Inha University, Incheon 402-751, Korea. kckyung@inha.ac.kr.
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