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A Comprehensive Review of MR Imaging Changes Following Radiosurgery to 500 Brain Metastases.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21920854     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Stereotactic radiosurgery is known to control 85%-95% of intracranial metastatic lesions during a median survival of 6-8 months. However, with the advent of newer systemic cancer therapies, survival is improving; this change mandates a longitudinal quantitative analysis of the radiographic response of brain metastases to radiosurgery.MATERIALS AND METHODS:MR imaging of 516 metastases in 120 patients treated with GK-SRS from June 2006 to December 2009 was retrospectively reviewed. Lesion volume at initial treatment and each follow-up was calculated by using the following formula: length × width × height / 2. Volume changes were correlated with patient demographics, histopathology, and radiation treatment variables.RESULTS:Thirty-two percent of lesions increased in volume following radiosurgery. Clinically, this translated into 54% of patients having ≥1 of their lesions increase in size. This increase begins at 6 weeks and can last beyond 15 months' post-SRS. Male sex (P = .002), mean voxel dose <37 Gy (P = .009), and initial treatment volume >500 mm(3) (P < .001) are associated with posttreatment increases in tumor size. Median survival following radiosurgery was 9.5 months for patients with all lesions exhibiting stable/decreased volumes, >18.4 months for patients with all lesions exhibiting increased volumes, and 16.4 months for patients with mixed lesional responses.CONCLUSIONS:Most metastatic lesions are stable or smaller in size during the first 36 months post-SRS. However, a transient increase in volume is seen in approximately one-third of lesions. Sex, treatment dose, initial lesion size, and histopathology all correlate with variations in lesion volume post-SRS. The longer the patient survives, the more likely an increase in lesion size will be seen on follow-up imaging.
T R Patel; B J McHugh; W L Bi; F J Minja; J P S Knisely; V L Chiang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-9-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1936-959X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-9-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003708     Medline TA:  AJNR Am J Neuroradiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Departments of Neurosurgery, Diagnostic Radiology, Therapeutic Radiology, and Yale Cancer Center, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut.
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